Periodontics is the specialty that studies supporting structures of teeth, as well as diseases and conditions that affect them. The misconception that dental care is limited purely to the actual teeth allows the gums to go untreated and uncared for. We provide the best treatment to those suffering from gum and periodontal disease, from the most advanced cases of periodontal diseases as well as aesthetic periodontal treatment.
WHAT IS PERIODONTAL DISEASE?
Periodontal diseases consist in infections of the structures around the teeth. Swollen and bleeding gums are early signs that your gums are infected with bacteria.
The main goal of treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease. Treatments go from deep cleaning methods like scaling or root planning to laser periodontal therapy or even surgical periodontal therapy.
GINGIVITIS: is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily Gingivitis is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene.
Gingivitis is connected to other medical conditions like: diabetes, aging, smoking, genetic predisposition, systemic diseases and conditions, stress, inadequate nutrition, puberty, hormonal fluctuations, pregnancy, substance abuse, HIV infection, and certain medication side effects.
PERIODONTITIS: Untreated gingivitis can advance to periodontitis. This advanced stage of gum disease, where the bacteria biofilm known as plaque and calculus, its hardened deposit, accumulates at the junction where the teeth come through the gums, infecting the tissue and bone that support the teeth. The bone loss will require further and intensive treatment.
SRP (Scaling and Root Planning)
This is the initial stage of treatment for periodontal disease.
First, calculus and plaque that attaches to the tooth surfaces is removed targeting areas below the gum line, along the root. This is performed with a special dental tool called an ultrasonic scaling tool including an irrigation process that can be used to deliver an antimicrobial agent below the gums to help reduce oral bacteria.
When the inflammation of the tissues leads to separation of gum from the root surface, will create a tiny space known as a periodontal pocket. Periodontal pockets are difficult to keep clean and allows bacteria to accumulate. Root planning is a scrupulous cleaning of the root surfaces to remove dental plaque and calculus.A local anesthetic is often used to minimize any discomfort.
TOPICAL GELS AND STRIPS
The biggest advantage of the direct delivery of antibiotics to the surfaces of the gums is that the whole body is not affected. Topical gels and direct delivery methods tend to be preferred over their oral counterparts and are extremely effective when used after scaling and root planing procedures. Here are some of the most commonly used direct delivery antibiotics:
• Atridox® – This doxycycline gel conforms to the contours of gum surfaces and solidifies over them. Over several days, this gel gradually releases the antibiotic medication.
• Arestin® – This Minocycline antibiotic comes in mini capsules which are delivered into the gums after scaling and root planning.
Noticeable periodontal improvements are usually seen after systemic or oral antibiotic treatment. Your dentist will incorporate and recommend the necessary antibiotic treatments for the healing of your periodontal condition.
Cutting-edge laser periodontal therapy is used to remove the plaque and calculus pockets from around the teeth whilst smoothing the gum tissue to make brushing teeth easier and more effective.